Processors with one billion transistors around 2007
According to Gerry Marcyk, Director of Development at Intel, the first processors with more than a billion transistors will hit the market in five years. The currently common Pentium 4 with 'Willamette' core contains 'only' 42 million transistors.
On the way To achieve this ambitious goal, the current production technology is to be refined from 0.18 or 0.13 microns to 0.09 microns in the coming year, 0.065 microns in 2005 and finally to 0.045 microns by 2007. However, this announcement also raises some questions. Because so far the increase in the number of transistors used has always been associated with rising production costs. And AMD doesn't seem to want to get involved in a transistor race with Intel, at least in the near future. Because instead of filling the freed DIE area in the upcoming 0.13 micron CPUs with new components, both the Athlon Thoroughbred core and the 64-bit processor ClawHammer will decrease in their DIE size. How the different strategies will ultimately affect price and performance will only be shown in the future.